Javanese gamelan, history and mystery

Wednesday, April 13, 2011

Traditional musical instrument called the gamelan comes from the Javanese culture, which is still preserved in the Palace of Yogyakarta and Surakarta (Solo)GAMELAN JAVA AND YOUNG

1. Arts Development KarawitanJavanese Gamelan is a set of instruments as a musical statement that is often referred to as musicians. Derived from the Javanese gamelan sauce which means complicated, convoluted, but the sauce also means smooth, beautiful, and delicious twist. The word gamelan music of Java is specifically used to refer to gamelan music, Indonesian music applying non-diatonic tones (in the barrel slendro and pelog) who claim-garapannya use notation system, sound color, rhythm, has a function, pathet and rules in the form of serving working on instrumental, vokalia and beautiful mix heard.

Art of Javanese gamelan contain historical values ​​and philosophy for the nation of Indonesia. It is said that because of Javanese gamelan is one of the arts and culture inherited by its predecessor and still a lot and enjoyed. Hypothetically, scholars J.L.A. Brandes (1889) argued that the Java community prior to any Hindu influence had known ten expertise, such as puppets and gamelan. Historically, Javanese gamelan also has a long history. As with any artistic or other cultural, Javanese gamelan in its development is also experiencing changes. The major changes in how pembuatanya, while development involves quality. Formerly owned Javanese gamelan ageng confined to the palace. Now, anyone interested can have it all Javanese gamelans not included in the category of heritage (Timbul Haryono, 2001).Complete Gamelan have approximately 72 equipment and can be played by a musician (drummer) along with 10-15 singer and or Gerong. Structure mainly consists of the tools at or tetabuhan made of metal. Other tools in the form of drums, fiddle (string instrument), which is a kind of xylophone xylophon with blade-blade from the wood, and wire-stringed plucked instrument called siter or celepung.Javanese gamelan has a remarkable response in the international world. When this has been a lot of art performances held gamelan in various European countries and obtained very good response from the community there. Even schools abroad which includes art as one of the gamelan music of choice to be learned by his students are also not small. But ironically, in their own country are still many people who doubted the future of the gamelan. Especially the youth who tend to be more interested in music outside of a sophisticated instrument. From this it required an effort to attract people to traditional art that became the nation's cultural heritage.2. Social function Javanese GamelanPhilosophically, Javanese gamelan is an integral part of the life of Javanese people. This case was caused by the Javanese philosophy of life associated with cultural art form of Javanese gamelan and closely related to the development of a dianutnya religion.In the Javanese gamelan has aesthetic functions related to social values, moral and spiritual. The gamelan has its own greatness, the proof that the world also recognizes the gamelan is a traditional musical instrument which can offset the eastern musical instrument of the great western. Gamelan is a flexible instrument, because it can function well as for education.
3. Inheritance Javanese gamelan to the Younger GenerationAt the present time there is a tendency different perception by younger generations through a variety of cultural attractions in other aspects seem somewhat prominent, but in terms of another is a setback, particularly those involving motions-dance and penyuguhan gendhing gendhing issued.Young people seem interested in gamelan because nothing is introduced. In addition, no one teaches. It can not be blamed for the majority of parents, even school environment, does not support the children know the gamelan. For the younger generation, gamelan difficult demand that sounded like old times in the era of their parents or their grandparents. Young people now prefer if the sounds of gamelan as they please and be paired with musical instruments and art whatever. However, through these ways to get the road to sustainable gamelan. Gamelan is not just a traditional musical instrument or object, but there is spirit in it, that togetherness. The important thing here is human, that is how they feel close to the gamelan.Keep in mind also for the preservation of our own culture really Adhi Luhur, full of aesthetics, harmony, the teachings, philosophies, manners, society, tolerance, human formation of noble-minded man, not too loose as the drivers of human the worship of God, namely by means of hard work and goodwill memetri or maintain their own art and culture. Do not be until there is a gap or gap with the elders who really qualified (expert). Even the communication should be maintained as well as possible with the elders as a source or a warehouse that still keeps a variety of science related to the problem of culture itself, particularly the master-master musicians, dance etc..
Sekaten tradition of rolling history since the time of Majapahit until now, leaving a big mystery surrounding the Gamelan Sekaten trusted fortunate. Because the Kraton of Solo and Yogyakarta which still survive, each having a pair of Gamelan Sekaten. Which is the original from the time of Majapahit and Demak Bintoro?

Posmo-When the reins of power from Demak Bintoro move to Pajang Sultanate, Gamelan Sekaten as royal heritage also changed hands. The transition period from Demak to also stop the execution of this Pajang sekaten tradition, because the situation of war and chaos. Nothing found in the age record of sekaten Hadiwijaya Sultan, who ascended the throne on Display at 1550 AD. But the possible existence of a degree in Pajang sekaten tradition, since the reign of the gemah Pajang ripah jinawi tablets, for approximately 40 years.
At the end of the heyday Pajang, tlatah Mataram Sultanate was founded by Ki Ageng archery in 1586 AD. Situated on the outskirts Opak called the base (forests) Mentaok. This is the gift of the Sultan Tlatah Hadiwijaya the success of Arya Penangsang archery kill. In subsequent years, prestige Pajang began to recede. Conversely, the Mataram Sultanate mencorong slowly to prominence across the nation.
Panembahan Senopati that diligent tlatah expanded to the East Java, has caused the situation in Central Java heat recovery. Some minor intrigue and warfare between Mataram and Pajang much written in the chronicle and the chronicle, chronicle of Mataram. An effort Pajang onslaught against Mataram, mentioned aground in the middle of the trip due to the eruption of Mount Merapi. Sultan Hadiwijaya died due to illness, due to fall of Elephant riding in the incident.
With the death of Sultan Hadiwijaya which according to DR Purwadi MHum occurred around 1587 AD, show the various power struggles intrigue. Ontran-ontran it subsided when Prince Benowo, the eldest son asked for help Panembahan Senopati Hadiwijaya to demolish Pajang which was then controlled by Harya Pangiri. Display eventually collapsed. However, Benowo hand over the reins of power to Panembahan Senopati. Thus, ended the history of Display, and the triumph of Islam passed by the Mataram Sultanate.

Gamelan Sekaten Shared Two
Various historical events of the heir to the kingdoms of the archipelago universe, of course have an impact on the many traditions that exist. Sekaten as tradition heritage, over time also changes. Amid these developments, tucked a lot of mystery. One of them Sekaten Gamelan, which comes from the legacy Brawjaya V and Sunan Kalijaga. Where existence, now?
Gamelan Sekaten as a royal heirloom, follow to move the hand to follow who is in power. Since Majapahit, Demak, Display and Mataram, Gamelan Sekaten as much as it changes hands. However, history has not ended. Because the Mataram Sultanate itself is then also split into two, in 1755 AD through Giyanti agreement.
Property including Gamelan Sekaten was then divided by two. However, it can not be ascertained which of the two kingdoms of Mataram Sultanate fraction that gets Gong Kiai UB V Sekar Pomegranate heritage and legacy Sekati Gong Kiai Sunan Kalijaga. Results sekaten historical research conducted in 1991-1992 MOEC just mention, because Gamelan Sekaten have a pair, each fraction kingdom of Mataram Sultanate (Solo and Yogyakarta) create a new Gong as a partner.
In the Sultanate of Yogyakarta, a pair of Gamelan Sekaten it by Sultan HB I changed its name to Guntur Madu and Kiai Kiai Nogowilogo. In Kasunanan Surakarta Gamelan Gong Sekaten changed his name to Honey and Kiai Kiai Guntur Guntur Sari. Strongly suspected, two of the same name, Kiai Guntur Madu, a second sign is the original Gong from the Majapahit era


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